A panel of experts will guarantee transparent and independent elections in the inter-American Human Rights System
At the end of May, the Panel will present its final report to the Secretary-General and the Permanent Council of the OAS, as well as to the general public.
27.July.2018

Washington, D.C, April 29, 2015.- With the aim of promoting and strengthening human rights in the Americas, a panel of five independent experts will monitor the upcoming election of new members to the bodies that comprise the Inter-American System of Human Rights.

 

 

The Independent Panel for the Election of Inter-American Commissioners and Judges has been established in face of the elections that will take place next June, in which four commissioners and four judges will be elected for the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights and the Inter-American Court of Human Rights respectively.

 

The member States of the OAS will elect eight members -which represent more than half of the members of each body- at its 45th General Assembly to be held in Washington D.C. on June 15 and 16. The result of the election will change the composition, and therefore, the identity of the Commission and the Court during the next few years.

 

The Panel consists of five prestigious jurists in the human rights community: Marion Bethel (Bahamas), Belisário dos Santos Jr. (Brazil), Cecilia Medina (Chile), Juan Méndez (Argentina) and Naomi Roht-Arriaza (United States). This initiative seeks to increase the transparency and visibility of the election process while offering an independent evaluation of the 11 candidates presented for the eight vacancies available. It will also offer recommendations on how to improve the nomination processes at the national and international level, in order to strengthen the Inter-American System in general.

 

Established as an independent entity, the Panel of Experts was convened by the Open Society Justice Initiative with the support of a broad range of civil society organizations, universities and bar associations throughout the region (see the list below). Although these organizations have different opinions on the individual candidates and the nomination process that may even differ with the Panel's final evaluation, all of them are committed to strengthening the Inter-American Human Rights System.

 

The Panel is a reflection of a similar and successful initiative of the International Criminal Court (ICC) that focused on guaranteeing transparency and independence in the election of its judges. The initiative was first promoted by the Coalition for the International Criminal Court, and it made possible the creation of an Independent Panel for the Judicial Elections of the ICC in 2010 that helped to fill a significant gap in the election process by providing an adequate, impartial and independent evaluation of the candidacies. This initiative led to the creation of an Advisory Committee for the nominations of judges to the International Criminal Court in 2012.

 

The new Inter-American Independent Panel will present its final report to the Secretary-General and the Permanent Council of the OAS, as well as to the general public at the end of May.

 

 

Organizations that support the initiative:

 

Argentina

 

Centro de Estudios Legales y Sociales (CELS)

 

Facultad de Derecho de la Universidad de Palermo

 

Bahamas

 

The Bahamas Crisis Center

 

Bolivia

 

Comunidad de Derechos Humanos

 

Oficina Jurídica para la Mujer

 

Brazil

 

Justiça Global

 

Chile

 

Centro de Derechos Humanos de la Universidad Diego Portales

 

Corporación Humanas - Chile

 

Observatorio Ciudadano de Chile

 

Colombia

 

Corporación Colectivo de Abogados José Alvear Restrepo (CCAJAR)

 

Corporación Humanas - Colombia

 

Centro de Estudios de Derecho, Justicia y Sociedad (Dejusticia)

 

Costa Rica

 

Asociación Costarricense de la Judicatura

 

Centro de investigación y Promoción para América Central de Derechos Humanos (CIPACDH)

 

Centro Internacional para los Derechos Humanos de los Migrantes (CIDEHUM)

 

Defensa de Niñas y Niños - Internacional (DNI)

 

Ecuador

 

Comisión Ecuménica de Derechos Humanos

 

Corporación Humanas - Ecuador

 

El Salvador

 

Agrupación Ciudadana por la Despenalización del Aborto Terapéutico, Ético y Eugenésico

 

Colectiva de Mujeres para el desarrollo Local

 

Grupo de Monitoreo Independiente de El Salvador (GMIES)

 

Red Salvadoreña de Defensoras de Derechos Humanos

 

Guatemala

 

Asociación para el Estudio y Promoción de la Seguridad en Democracia (SEDEM)

 

Fundación Myrna Mack

 

Grupo Guatemalteco de Mujeres (GGM)

 

Red de la No Violencia contra las mujeres (REDNOVI)

 

Unidad de Protección a Defensoras y Defensores de Derechos Humanos (UDEFEGUA)

 

Honduras

 

Asociación de Jueces por la Democracia (AJD)

 

Comité de Familiares de Detenidos y Desaparecidos en Honduras (COFADEH)

 

Equipo de Reflexión Investigación y Comunicación (ERIC-SJ)

 

Jamaica

 

Caribbean Vulnerable Communities Coalition (CVC)

 

Mexico

 

Centro de Derechos Humanos de las Mujeres (CEDEHM)

 

Centro de Derechos Humanos Miguel Agustín Pro Juárez AC (Centro Prodh)

 

Ciudadanos en Apoyo a los Derechos Humanos, A.C. (CADHAC)

 

Comisión Mexicana de Defensa y Promoción de Derechos Humanos (CMDPDH)

 

Fundación para la Justicia y el Estado Democrático de Derecho

 

FUNDAR Centro de Análisis e Investigación

 

Grupo de Información en Reproducción Elegida (GIRE)

 

Instituto de Investigaciones Jurídicas UNAM (IIJ-UNAM)

 

Nicaragua

 

Centro Nicaraguense de Derechos Humanos (CENIDH)

 

Centro por la Justicia y Derechos Humanos de la Costa Atlántica de Nicaragua

 

IPAS Centroamérica

 

Movimiento Autónomo de Mujeres (MAM)

 

Panama

 

Alianza Ciudadana Pro Justicia

 

Peru

 

Asociación Pro Derechos Humanos (APRODEH)

 

Coordinadora Nacional de Derechos Humanos (CNDDHH)

 

Instituto de Defensa Legal (IDL)

 

Puerto Rico

 

Instituto Caribeño de Derechos Humanos (ICADH)

 

Dominicanan Republic

 

Participación Ciudadana

 

Colectiva Mujer y Salud

 

United States

 

Center for Human Rights, American University Washington College of Law

 

The Columbia Law School Human Rights Institute

 

Santa Clara University, School of Law, International Human Rights Clinic

 

Uruguay

 

Instituto de Estudios Legales y Sociales del Uruguay (IELSUR),

 

Venezuela

 

Centro de Derechos Humanos de la  Universidad Católica Andrés Bello (UCAB)

 

Comité de Familiares de Víctimas de los Sucesos de Febrero-Marzo de 1989 (COFAVIC)

 

Programa Venezolano de Educación Acción en Derechos Humanos (PROVEA)

 

Regional

 

Amnistía Internacional

 

Articulación Regional Feminista por los derechos humanos y la justicia de género

 

Asociación Interamericana para la Defensa del Ambiente (AIDA)

 

Asociadas por lo Justo (JASS-Mesoamérica)

 

Center for Justice and International Law (CEJIL)

 

Coalición Centro América Democrática (CAD)

 

Due Process of Law Foundation (DPLF)

 

Open Society Justice Initiative (OSJI)

 

Red Latinoamericana y del Caribe para la Democracia

 

Robert F. Kennedy Human Right